Article Details


Alkali Promoted Cu-Cr-O Catalyst for the Dehydrocyclization of Crude Glycerol and 1,2-Propanediamine: Effect of Thermal Treatment on the Activity and Product Selectivity

[ Vol. 6 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Vankudoth Krishna, Gutta Naresh, Sathu Naveen Kumar, Jorge N Beltramini, Aytam Hari Padmasri and Akula Venugopal   Pages 135 - 143 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Utilization of crude glycerol obtained during the bio-diesel production for the synthesis of fine chemicals and fuel additives by catalytic routes is very important from cost-effective and environmental perspectives. Among all alkylpyrazines, the 2,6-DMP is one of the valuable compounds for the production of various agro-chemicals, food flavoring agent and as a ligand for catalyst synthesis. In this study, 2,6-dimethylpyrazine (2,6-DMP) has been synthesized by dehydrocyclization of crude glycerol and 1,2-propanediamine (1,2-PDA) over CuO-CuCr2O4 (Cu-Cr-O) catalyst and the surface active sites are analyzed by adsorption and spectroscopic techniques.

Methods: The Cu-Cr-O sample was prepared by simple co-precipitation method in order to obtain a Cu- Cr hydrotalcite precursor. The dried Cu-Cr sample was calcined at 400, 550, 650 and 750 °C for 5 h in a static air. The alkali metal (Na, K, Cs) modified Cu-Cr-O calcined at 550 °C samples were prepared by a simple wet impregnation method.

Results: The Cu-Cr-O calcined at 550 °C demonstrated higher 2,6-DMP yield when compared to other samples. The rate of 2,6-DMP is in good correlation with the Cu metal surface area and the NH3 uptakes of the catalysts. The 2,6-DMP selectivity is improved over potassium modified CC550. A structure activity correlation is established based on the pyridine and formic acid adsorbed IR spectra.

Conclusion: At a calcination temperature of 400 °C; the Cu-Cr-O demonstrated a lower dehydrocyclization activity due to a poor dispersion of Cu. The experimental results showed that the dehydrocyclization rate is higher in Cu-Cr-O calcined at 550 °C, and at high temperature, calcination leads to loss of Cu metal surface area occurred as a result decline in the overall activity.

Keywords:

Dehydrocyclization, crude glycerol, 2, 6-dimethylpyrazine, Cu-Cr-O, NH3-TPD, pyridine-formic acid-DRIFTS.

Affiliation:

Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, Chennar, Catalysis Laboratory, Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad, Telangana - 500007, Catalysis Laboratory, Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad, Telangana - 500007, NANOMAC - AIBN, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, Queensland, Department of Chemistry, University College for Women, Osmania University, Koti, Hyderabad - 500 095, Telangana, Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, India; Catalysis Laboratory, Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad, Telangana - 500007

Graphical Abstract:



Read Full-Text article